The painting was done by Jon McNaughton. The above link takes you to the artist’s page and gives you a better picture of the characters portrayed. If you mouse-over to the left lower corner you’ll see a politician, a professor holding Darwin’s Origin of the Species, a liberal news reporter, Mr Hollywood, and, of course, Satan. McNaughton writes in his page that he,
…painted this picture to reflect my personal feelings about America. This is not a Republican painting. This is not anything other than one artist’s personal feelings about his love for Christ, this country and a desire to make a point about where we are headed.
600 years ago this guy would have been commissioned to paint part of the Sistine Chapel.